IntelliJ Platform Plugin SDK Help

Kotlin for Plugin Developers

Why Kotlin?

Using Kotlin to write plugins for the IntelliJ Platform is very similar to writing plugins in Java. Existing plugin developers can get started by converting boilerplate Java classes to their Kotlin equivalents by using the J2K compiler bundled with the IntelliJ Platform (versions 143.+), and developers can easily mix and match Kotlin classes with their existing Java code.

In addition to null safety and type-safe builders, the Kotlin language offers many convenient features for plugin development, which make plugins easier to read and simpler to maintain. Much like Kotlin for Android, the IntelliJ Platform makes extensive use of callbacks, which are easy to express as lambdas in Kotlin.

Likewise, it is easy to customize the behavior of internal classes in IntelliJ IDEA, with extensions. For example, it is common practice to guard logging statements to avoid the cost of parameter construction, leading to the following ceremony when using the log:

if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) { logger.debug("..."); }

We can achieve the same result more succinctly in Kotlin, by declaring the following extension method:

inline fun Logger.debug(lazyMessage: () -> String) { if (isDebugEnabled) { debug(lazyMessage()) } }

Now we can directly write logger.debug { "..." } to receive all the benefits of lightweight logging, with none of the verbosity. With practice, you will be able to recognize many idioms in the IntelliJ Platform that can be simplified with Kotlin. To learn more about building IntelliJ Platform plugins with Kotlin, this tutorial will help you get started.

Adding Kotlin Support

IntelliJ IDEA bundles the necessary Kotlin plugin, requiring no further configuration. For detailed instructions, please refer to the Kotlin documentation.

Kotlin Standard Library

Since Kotlin 1.4, a dependency on the standard library stdlib is added automatically (API Docs). In most cases, it is not necessary to include it in the plugin distribution as the platform already bundles it.

To opt out, add this line in gradle.properties:

kotlin.stdlib.default.dependency = false

The presence of this Gradle property is checked by the Gradle IntelliJ Plugin with the verifyPluginConfiguration. If the property is not present, a warning will be reported during the plugin configuration verification, as it is a common problem when Kotlin stdlib gets bundled within the plugin archive. If it is expected to make Kotlin stdlib present in the final archive, explicitly specify it with kotlin.stdlib.default.dependency = true.

If a plugin supports multiple platform versions, it must either target the lowest bundled stdlib version or provide the specific version in plugin distribution.

IntelliJ Platform version

Bundled stdlib version

2022.2

1.6.21

2022.1

1.6.20

2021.3

1.5.10

2021.2

1.5.10

2021.1

1.4.32

2020.3

1.4.0

2020.2

1.3.70

2020.1

1.3.70

2019.3

1.3.31

2019.2

1.3.3

2019.1

1.3.11

See Dependency on the standard library for more details.

Other Bundled Kotlin Libraries

Please see Third-Party Software and Licenses.

Kotlin Gradle Plugin

Plugins using the Gradle Build System use the Kotlin JVM Gradle plugin.

See the build.gradle.kts from kotlin_demo sample plugin:

plugins { id("java") id("org.jetbrains.intellij") version "1.9.0" id("org.jetbrains.kotlin.jvm") version "1.7.10" } group = "org.intellij.sdk" version = "2.0.0" repositories { mavenCentral() } java { sourceCompatibility = JavaVersion.VERSION_11 } // See https://github.com/JetBrains/gradle-intellij-plugin/ intellij { version.set("2021.3.3") } tasks { buildSearchableOptions { enabled = false } patchPluginXml { version.set("${project.version}") sinceBuild.set("213") untilBuild.set("222.*") } compileKotlin { kotlinOptions.jvmTarget = "11" } compileTestKotlin { kotlinOptions.jvmTarget = "11" } }

Use Kotlin for Gradle Build Scripts

Gradle also supports using Kotlin in build scripts: build.gradle.kts.

There are many good resources for learning how to write build scripts for an IntelliJ Platform plugin with Kotlin script, like intellij-rust, julia-intellij, covscript-intellij or zig-intellij.

Additionally, explore IntelliJ Platform Explorer's list of open-source plugins using Gradle KTS.

UI in Kotlin

The recommended way to create UI forms with Kotlin is to use a type safe DSL. Using a GUI designer with Kotlin is currently not supported.

Handling Kotlin Code

If a plugin processes Kotlin code (e.g., providing inspections), it needs to add a dependency on the Kotlin plugin (Plugin ID org.jetbrains.kotlin) itself. Please refer to Plugin Dependencies for more information.

Depending on exact functionality, a plugin can also target UAST (Unified Abstract Syntax Tree) to support multiple JVM languages, including Java and Kotlin.

Kotlin Code FAQ

How to shorten references

Caution

Plugins may use Kotlin classes to implement declarations in the plugin configuration file. When registering an extension, the platform uses a dependency injection framework to instantiate these classes. For this reason, plugins must not use Kotlin objects to implement any plugin.xml declarations.

Examples

There are many open-source Kotlin plugins built on the IntelliJ Platform. For a readily available source of up to date examples and applications of the Kotlin language for building developer tools with the IntelliJ Platform, developers may look to these projects for inspiration:

Last modified: 07 September 2022